Canadian Centre for Economic Analysis

Recent Publications and Bulletins

Ontario Infrastructure Investment: Federal and Provincial Risks and Rewards

Analysis demonstrates that if sharing of the Ontario public infrastructure funding risks were to follow from the fiscal benefits that accrue to different levels of government, then all Ontario-based governments would be expected to cover approximately 61 per cent of the investments, with the federal government covering the balance of 39 per cent. Yet currently, all the Ontario-based governments collectively cover 88 per cent of the infrastructure investment risk.

Economic Evaluation of Region of Peel Water/Wastewater Investment

Sufficient investment into the Region of Peel (RoP) infrastructure ensures that the region’s roads, waste management, transit systems as well as water and power delivery are properly maintained and are adequate to serve the growing needs of the population of the region and the province. Beyond the basic societal needs, this investment also plays an important economic role in the way it supports the means of production and transportation of the region’s goods and services.

Diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence to early adulthood

Background:
Quantifying diagnostic transitions across development is needed to estimate the long-term burden of mental illness. This study estimated patterns of diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to early adulthood.

Synthesis through simulation: insights on the epidemiology of mood and anxiety disorders in Canada

Objective:
Prevalence estimates for mood and anxiety disorders in Canada are available, but various methodological approaches have produced inconsistent results. Simulation studies involve careful examination of available data by an expert modelling team working together with subject matter experts. Simulation can integrate datasets and literature-based estimates from various sources into a coherent mathematical representation of the underlying total population epidemiology.

Potential Health and Economic Impact of Pharmaceutical Interventions

The objective of the study was to estimate the potential health and economic benefits that may arise due to pharmaceutical interventions in a wide variety of illnesses.

Public Infrastructure Investment in Ontario: The Importance of Staying the Course

The Ontario government recently announced a 10-year infrastructure plan entitled Building Together. It promises to build upon the long-term approach to infrastructure investment from the previous ReNew Ontario plan. As a result, the awareness of infrastructure investment in Ontario has increased. However, while the public has an intuitive understanding of the importance of infrastructure to the economic prosperity of the province, it is likely that the majority of the population does not fully recognize the personal risks associated with continued underinvestment.

Public Infrastructure Underinvestment: The Risk to Canada's Economic Growth

For some time, experts have been warning of a deficit between the current state of Canadian infrastructure and what is required—the so-called “infrastructure gap.” And, while it is well known that the quality and quantity of infrastructure has a direct impact upon how efficiently societies are able to operate and grow, individuals and businesses have yet to connect underinvestment in infrastructure to their personal prosperity. Citing a municipal infrastructure deficit in the billions of dollars sounds staggering, but it may not resonate on a personal level with the public.

Rising Tide: The Economic Impact of Dementia on Canadian Society

Based on the technical report "Rising Tide: The Impact of Dementia in Canada 2008 to 2038" by Smetanin, P; Kobak, P; Briante, C; Stiff, D; Sherman, G; Ahmad, S.

Optimizing cost-effective pandemic antiviral strategies including antiviral resistance

Background:
Antiviral drugs are an effective means to improve the recovery rate and reduce mortalities of people with influenza if the virus is sensitive to the drug. Under widespread use for prophylaxis and treatment with the risk of resistant variants arising, the consequences and cost-effectiveness of antivirals are less certain. The objective of this study was to identify the antiviral strategies that remain effective in both life and cost terms, when the characteristics of an emerging pandemic are unknown.

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